Three Rivers News, 2004-04-20

Concert/Dance To Benefit P.A.W.S.
Saturday, April 24, 2004
at the Brownville Jct. Alumni Building

     What promises to be the event people will be talking about for weeks to come is finally here.. On this coming Saturday, April 24, Phillip Mawford, in conjunction with Charles Kelley’s Angel Productions, will perform a concert at the Brownville Junction Alumni Building.  The party will start at 8 PM (doors open at 7:30 PM) and continue until at least midnight.  Dancing and partying are greatly encouraged, so tell all your friends to meet you there!
     The cost is $6 per person with part of the proceeds to benefit P.A.W.S., your local animal shelter.  In addition, there will be a raffle of which 100% of the sales will benefit the P.A.W.S. building fund. 
     Phillip covers an eclectic variety of music including country, country/rock, and rock and roll.  He will be accompanied by back-up singers Yvette Faulkner and Cindy Davis .
     The event is B.Y.O.B., and refreshments will be available.  So eat, drink, dance, and be merry, while helping our stray and abandoned pets.

Query from a reader:
     In going through some things I found an article about a Bae Powers, who was 56 years old in June 1992. He had been a teacher in Dover-Foxcroft and in Milo and also coached Jr. High school basketball and baseball for 30 years. Do you know of this man and if he is still alive? I would like to get in touch with him. I believe he may be a relative. I would appreciate any help you can give me.

Thank you.
Yours truly,
Orissie (Powers) Faloon or contact Val Robertson and I’ll get the message to Orissie 

Saturday, April 24.
A chicken pie supper will be held from 5:00 to 6:00 p.m. at the Brownville Junction Methodist Church. The cost is $6.50 for adults and $3.00 for children under 12. Take out available. Call 965-8466 for more information.

Two Yellow Ribbons

By Kathie Lee
     We have had two huge yellow ribbons out in front of our house for over a year now.
     Last year .. After having said good-bye to our son Brian at Ft. Dix,, my husband and I were spending the weekend at our camp on Ebeemee Lake. We came home Sunday morning, rounded the corner to our house and there bold as bold could be were two of our old trees adorned with two huge yellow ribbons.

     This hit me very hard .. I did not like it, I was mad that someone would do this. It was a sign of something that I did not want to face. My son was going to war and would be gone for a very long time. I was scared, the war had just started. We did not know where he was headed or when he would return. For safety reasons Brian would not know where he was going until they were in route.
     I wanted to stay strong ...and the ribbons, ...they broke me down. I was mad and I wanted to tear them down. My husband held me and told me to wait and leave the ribbons.
     As time went by I started to like seeing the ribbons. I found out who put them there and I was happy for the loving significance the ribbons gave to me everyday. Each day, one day closer to my son coming home.
     As winter came, wind, rain and ice started taking its toll on my ribbons. I became very protective of my ribbons. I was going to replace the ribbons. But, I could not for the life of me make a pretty ribbon. Our two yellow ribbons seemed to weather all the storms. They stayed strong and held tight to our big ol' trees.
     Brian was able to see the ribbons when he was home on R&R at Christmas time. I was so proud to tell him all about my friend that gave us this wonderful gift.
     Soon after Brian went back to Iraq, we received notice
that our daughter Kristin would be joining him. The ribbons now took on an even greater significance. I would have two children off to war and Two Yellow Ribbons waiting for their return.
     I love my yellow ribbons faded pale yellow now, and I look forward to rounding the corner to my house and seeing that they are still there hanging on by a few threads waiting for my children to come home.
     We received information today that Kristin will be heading home this week and Brian will follow soon.
     I will be so happy to finally be able to take my yellow ribbons down. I will always remember how important and comforting they have been to me. I will keep them tucked away in the special place.
     Thank you to my wonderful friend for giving me this most precious gift, two beautiful yellow ribbons.
     Thank you, Kathie / A.K.A. Mom

Update - April 12, Kristin is State-side, Home USA! She is at Ft. Bliss, TX for de-mobing.
Brian was supposed to come home today ... packed and ready. The 1136th was informed Saturday that they were extended indefinitely.

New update: April 13th: Army National Guard Update - SPC Brian C. Lee and the 1136th arrives home to the USA(Note: PFC Kristin Lee is at  Ft. Bliss, TX)  To see some interesting military information, go to:

Editors note: Oh my goodness, I can’t read this account of Kathie’s experiences without losing it, I can’t imagine the roller coaster ride of emotions she has been on these last long months. All of us who have children can only imagine the anguish and worry each relative of a military person feels.  But we can feel a portion of the love and the pride for our young service people and we appreciate them all!

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   Three River News is published weekly by Three Rivers Kiwanis. It is available Tuesdays at the Milo Farmer’s Union, BJ’s Market, Graves’ Service Station, Robinson’s Fuel Mart, J.D.'s Emporium, Reuben’s Farmer’s Market, The Restaurant, Milo Exxon, Rite Aid, and Milo True Value. The paper can also be viewed online at Donations can be mailed to Valerie Robertson, PO Box 81, Milo, Maine 04463
   Letters to the editor, social news, school news, items of interest, or coming social events may be submitted NO LATER THAN FRIDAY NOON to the following addresses:
Valerie Robertson
PO Box 81
Milo, Maine 04463
Nancy Grant
10 Belmont St.
Milo, Maine 04463
   Please drop suggestions and comments into the donation box or contact one of us. We welcome your ideas. All opinions are those of the editors unless otherwise stated. We will publish no negative or controversial comments. The paper is written, printed, and distributed by unpaid volunteers. Donations are used to cover expenses of printing, paper and materials.

Valerie Robertson | Nancy Grant | Virgil Valente
Seth Barden | Kirby Robertson | Tom Witham

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   We will mail your issue each Tuesday morning so you can have a nice fresh paper delivered every week! This makes an especially nice gift for an elderly person or for someone who lives away, but still likes to keep in touch with area happenings


TUES., FEB. 24


WED., FEB. 25


THUR., FEB. 26


FRI., FEB. 27






Brownville Trivia
By Bill Sawtell

Choose the best answer.

1. Wayne Kirby had funny (a) legs (b) eyes (b) hair (d) ears.

2. Bray Rolfe like (a) cars (b) horses (c) pipes (d) paintings.

3. Laura Smith was a (a) forward (b) guard (c) rover (d) manager.

4. The Pleasant River has (a) one (b) two (c) three (d) four branches.

5. In 1819 Brownville became a(n) (a) plantation (b) city (c) county (d) town.

6. The Merrill Quarry is to the (a) north (b) west (c) east (d) south.

7.The Abee Pond is to the (a) north (b) west (c) east (d) south

8. Paul Foulkes is of (a) French (b) Italian (c) Finnish ((d) Welsh extraction.

9. There have been as many as many as (a) five (b) six (c) seven (d) eight church organizations in Brownville.

10. (a) Jim Downie (b) Gary Cook (c) John Leathers (d) Pat Thomas organized the Brownville Hot Shots.

Answers: 1-d 2-c 3-a 4-c 5-a 6-b 7-c 8-d 9-d 10-a

P.E.T.S and Womancare Point to the Connection Between
Animal Cruelty and Family Violence

Submitted by: P.E.T.S. Media Contact:
Mary Shapleigh and Womancare Media Contact: Gretchen Ziemer Community Educator
     Family pets are the focus of this year’s Animal Cruelty/Human Violence Awareness Week, April 18-24, sponsored by The Humane Society of the United States Family violence can take many forms, from partner battering, to child abuse, to abuse of the elderly. But what about the family pet? The fact is that pets are often one of the silent victims of family violence. That’s why Prevent Euthanasia Through Sterilization (P.E.T.S.) and Womancare have joined The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) in sending the message that “Animal cruelty IS  family violence.”
     In violent homes, pets are commonly abused by batterers in order to threaten and intimidate children, spouses, significant others, or elderly family members. Animal abuse can also be a predictor of a violent home.  Dr. Frank Ascione completed a survey of abused women in 1998, in which his findings indicated that 71% of their partners had threatened to, or had actually hurt or killed one or more of their pets.  32% of these women also reported that one of their children had hurt or killed their pet(s).  Similarly, in a recent sample of some of the largest domestic violence shelters in the United States, (HSUS) found that 91% of adult victims and 73% of children mention incidents of companion animal abuse when they enter shelters.  Children who have witnessed domestic violence or who have been the victims of physical or sexual abuse may also become animal abusers themselves, imitating the violence they have seen or experienced.

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     This intentional animal cruelty can be one of the earliest and most dramatic indicators that an individual is developing a pattern of seeking power and control by inflicting suffering on others.  Also this behavior may indicate that an individual has already experienced abuse or violence. 

“One of the most dangerous things that can happen to a child is to hurt an animal and get away with it.”

               - Margaret Mead

     Womancare provides a 24 Hour Helpline, Advocacy, Support Groups, Emergency Shelter, Transitional Housing, and assistance with Protection From Abuse Orders, as well as other Family Court matters to those affected by Domestic Violence.  As a community based Agency, Womancare is also an educational resource providing presentations in schools, for business and medical professionals, clergy, and community groups concerning all aspects of Domestic Violence.
     Services are available at 8 Winter Street, Dover-Foxcroft and at our Outreach offices in Dexter, Greenville, and Milo.
     Womancare is funded in part by the Maine Department of Human Services and by the United Way.  Please contact Womancare for more detailed information by calling 564-8165 or our 24-hour Helpline 1-888-564-8165.
     Because early prevention education is a known deterrent of committing violent crime latter in life, we are asking you to help stop this violent behavior.  You can help.  You can protect animals, children, and adults, while encouraging a safer community by:

  • Educating children about the sanctity of life of all beings.
  • Contacting Womancare about school-aged curriculum which stresses the importance of kindness and respect for people and animals.
  • Contacting P.E.T.S. and/or Womancare and offer to volunteer.
  • Writing your legislators to tell them you want mandatory psychological analysis and counseling for animal abusers.
  • Telling your legislators that you also want social workers and animal control officers to be mandatory reporters of animal abuse.  Without early detection and follow-up, children in these households are more likely to abuse animals and people later in life.
  • Also recommend that veterinarians should be mandated reporters, because they, most likely, will witness the effects of animal abuse.  They can start the process that may change or save lives. 
  • Finally, report abusers.  Whether they target people or animals.  The important action is to report.

“Anyone who has accustomed himself to regard the life of any living creature as worthless is in danger of arriving also at the idea of worthless human lives.”

                 -Albert Schweitzer

     The HSUS, based in Washington DC and now marking its 50th year, is the nation’s largest animal protection organization with over eight million members and constituents.
     The HSUS First Strike program has shed light on the violence connection since 1997. For the past four years, HSUS has been tracking reports of high-profile animal cruelty cases from around the country. The database of more

than 1400 cases compiled each year is only a snapshot of the problem of animal cruelty in the U.S.

P.E.T.S. the local reduced cost spay/neuter, all volunteer  501 (3)( c ) organization is devoted to promoting and assisting in the spaying of female and neutering of male animals, encouraging and teaching the proper treatment of all animals and assisting in the prevention of cruelty to them.  P.E.T.S. assists individuals and families.  For more information call 564-8092 or 379-2809.

Submitted by : Priscilla Bass
Secretary and Membership Coordinator of the TRC Website
     1. PLEASE PUT ALL E-MAIL ADDRESS IN THE BCC SECTION AND NOT THE "To:" or the "CC:" section. Using the Bcc: keeps all e-mail addresses unknown to other mail recipients. Please keep in mind that when other people's e-mail addresses are visible and accessible, they can easily be passed along from one forward to another, and may end up on someone's computer that could  have a Trojan (worm or virus) or spy ware, and then these peoples addresses get collected and end up getting unwanted things sent to them. It's up to each individual to protect not only themselves but any e-mail friends.
     To use the BCC: if it is not activated yet in your e-mail, go up to "VIEW" and click on "Show Bcc:", then that tab will appear in your email. Now you can use that and put as many names as you want in there, each person in the BCC will get the e-mail, and it will not show any other names or addresses in the e-mail. You will notice that when Bcc has been used, you may notice the words undisclosed recipients which is for the protection of each person e-mailed.
     2. Refrain from using the greeting card sites and putting in friends and your own e-mail addresses. If you want to send someone a birthday wish, etc., cut, copy and paste the card, etc., into an e-mail. Please do not use their services by filling out the "send to" page. When you complete these pages with addresses, these sites are major spammers. They are usually affiliated with many other sites, and you will start to get spam from companies and web sites that you have never even visited.
     Believe me, I learned the hard way, and had to go shut down my e-mail address, and get a new one. If it's a flash that you want to send, you can copy the flash file out of your temporary internet files folder (go to internet options, view files, then copy the file to your desktop).
     3. FILE SHARING PROGRAMS LIKE KAZAA.  You should think very hard before using these programs. It's not just a decision, its a risk that if you are willing to take, you may have to deal with some consequences. I know many people that have received files that had viruses, files that were corrupt, etc. Even a corrupt file can cause havoc with your operating system. Remember that when you use these programs, you are downloading music and files from people’s computers. You don't know the person, and it may very well be someone who may not update their virus protection, they may not take care of their system period, and they may not even have virus protection period. You just don't know what you're getting. All it takes is one bad file to screw up your computer and cost you money trying to get it fixed.
     4. Downloading software for free: Keep in mind that when you normally have to pay for something, but you find it somewhere for free, you take your chances with these. There are many sites that you can obtain software from, and many times, there isn't a problem with any of it, other times, there is. That's the chances you take, so be careful. You'll find your fair share of viruses this way. So to be safe always save the downloads to a file and scan

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them before installing them, with your virus program whatever that may be!
     If they have a virus, toss them in the garbage and good riddance!
     5. When passing along an interesting e-mail on to another, copy and paste the e-mail into another e-mail, and remove all of the forward signs and forwarded addresses. Some people attach the e-mail, and sometimes you have to open an attached e-mail, then open another e-mail, then open another e-mail, then
open another e-mail and on and on,  which personally, is not only a pain in the wazoo, but, it makes you weary to get to the original message! Then once there I still save any attachments and do the virus scan! You can save a lot of aggravation and time if you just forward on the original e-mail minus of course the addresses within that e-mail.
     6. Please check the addresses always of what you receive. Certain viruses/worms will mimic someone's address, but if you look close enough, you will see an error in the address, if it is coming from an unknown source. If you receive unexpected e-mails from what appears to be Microsoft or any corporation like that, unless you were expecting it, don't open it. Some virus and worms that get e-mailed out will use popular names of companies in hopes that you will open them. Many times they even use your servers name.
     7. There are a ton of hoaxes going around out there. These tend to come from spammers trying to get address lists. Please don't pass these along. You are only making the spammers methods of obtaining address lists more successful. There are several sites that you can check out whether its a hoax. Just a few are ....., , When wanting to find this out, in your search engine, type part of the e-mail. For example, the e-mail regarding the baby needing the transplant, and stating that AOL will donate 5 cents for every e-mail sent, well this is a hoax,
and if you typed "......needing a transplant, AOL etc., you will get this to turn up. Just be creative when doing your search and you will be successful.
     Put the main facts in the search engine. One hoax that I have seen more times than I could count, is regarding the Budweiser frogs screen saver. This is also a hoax.
     8. As for virus warnings, if you receive any from friends, check them out with whichever virus protection site you trust. Hoaxes can be just as bad and annoying as an actual virus.
     9. In addition to my AVG doing its daily scans, and live updates, I've been known to do manual updates different times within each day. If it were to check in the morning, there just may be new definitions by that evening ... I’ve seen that many times! It only takes a few seconds on high speed connections to get those updates.
     10. Make sure your windows operating system has all of its updates. Please check yourself manually in addition to its scheduled checks. Patches that are required can prevent you from being attacked.
     11. In regards to some of the fun things you can install on your computer, be careful in the way that some of them cause conflicts with XP.
     12. THIS ONE IS EXTRA IMPORTANT: STAY AWAY FROM GATOR AND THE BONZI BUDDY! Once you have these installed they are a bugger to remove. Even after un-installing them, they leave behind files in the registry etc., that causes the program's spy ware to reinstall itself if you visit any participating sponsors of these web sites.


From the classroom of:

Mrs. Barden - Our Terrific Kid is a nice little girl. She is becoming a good reader. Her writing is showing a lot of good progress. Today she counted to one hundred without any trouble. She remembered her reading recovery books every day this week. She has blue eyes and freckles. She is going to New York for her vacation. We are happy to announce that TYESHA WEBB is terrific this week and every week.
Mrs. Mills - Our Terrific Kid is a young lady who is very helpful to all – her friends and her teachers. The work that she does is great. Her stories are wonderful. She tries her hardest in all she does. She is a great sister to ALL her siblings. We know they like having her around as much as we do. Congratulations to you TIFFANY LYFORD! Way to go.
Mrs. Dunham - Our Terrific Kid is a sweet little girl. She works hard to complete her daily assignments. She is kind and helpful others. She works hard in her reading group and loves to share her stories. We love having GEORGIA GAUDREAU in our class.
Mrs. Gillis
This girl's as sweet as a candy cane,
She brings sunshine even through the rain,
She's never ordinary or plain,
She is our friend Lauryn Jane.
Congratulations, LAURYN BELLATTY!
Mrs. Dell'olio - Our Terrific Kid is a hard worker. She settles into her assignments quickly and uses her time wisely. She finds humor in many situations, and is a great friend to all the students in our class. We really enjoy her! Our Terrific Kid this week is BROOKE BOWDEN!
Mrs. Tardiff and Mrs. Hussey - ALAN YANBUL- This young man has a wonderful sense of humor. He makes us laugh regularly. He is working hard on his penmanship and is a terrific reader. We're sorry Stone Fox made you cry, Alan. Keep up the good work. REBECCA GLIDDEN - This girl has been working hard on her handwriting and getting S+ on her papers. She is making good progress on math and reading skills. She is an active listener and enjoys story time. She is a good friend and we are glad to have Rebecca in our class.
Mrs. Walker and Mrs. Carey - Our two Terrific Kids this week are good friends and soon will be sharing something quite special. The first is a dear little girl. She may be tiny but she has big brown eyes that take in the world around her - and a heart about as big as the world around her. We love our days with TRISHA ROUSSEL. The second is a little guy who has grown very dear to us, as well. He is becoming more conscientious about finishing his jobs and loves making his mom proud. He is kind and caring - and what more can we ask for? We love our days with RYAN MCINTOSH. And what will these two friends be sharing? Their birthdays! They will both be SUPER SIX next week!
Mrs. Whitney - Our Terrific Kid for the week of 4/16 is MICHAEL LAGASSE. He has been making some real good choices in his regular classroom as well as in Miss Howard's room. He has also been working well in the classroom with classmates on a science project as well as cooperating during special classes. Great job Michael and keep up the good job!

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     Justin Ottmann played his electric guitar, Mrs. Harmony was at the piano and grades 4 and 5 sang, "I Caught It" to open our April 16 Terrific Kid Assembly. Justin is taking guitar lessons from Mr. Eastman on Monday afternoons. The 4th and 5th grade had been learning a new song in the classroom when Justin said that he would like to learn it on the guitar. Mr. Eastman helped Justin learn the chords. Justin and Mrs. Harmony practiced daily during recess. Justin practiced nightly at home. The class practiced with Justin for almost a week. The song was wonderful. We are all so proud of Justin's efforts. He is an excellent role model.

     April is National Poetry Month. Mrs. Andrew's class has been writing poetry in their Language class. Laura Gray and Shane Bowley recited limericks that they had written. Mr. Cochrane and Mr. Walker recognized Shyla Harrison, Billy Parker and Lauren Crocker as Terrific Kids. Ms. Ivy was very sad to announce that today was Shyla's last day in our school. We will miss Shyla's friendliness and her big smile. Mrs. Carter selected Billy because he has been getting his work done every day. He adds so much to everything they do in class. He has been sharing lots of information about rocks and minerals.
     Today was also Lauren Crocker's last day at our school. Miss K. will miss Lauren's sense of humor and terrific attitude.
     The students and staff also honored Mrs. Rhoda as a Terrific Kid. We thank her for being our outstanding secretary. Happy Secretary's Day Mrs. Rhoda! Bus Kids of the week were Rachael Wood, Shyla Harrison and Billy Parker, Bryan Russell and Justin Otttmann were awarded certificates for participating in the Knights of Columbus Free Throw competition. Our Move and Improve prize winners were Justin Ottmann, Taylor Severance, Logan Stanley, Billy Parker and Mrs. Rhoda. Happy Birthday wishes to Travis Adams (12) and Lindsay Turner (8). Congratulations to all of our Terrific Kids.

Morgan Drake preparing her egg.
(I forgot to put this in last week)

Brownville Elementary News

Brownville History Day By Bill Sawtell
     Brownville, April15-A lunch and awards ceremony were held at the Brownville Elementary School here with school officials and dignitaries of the town present. The ceremony was the culmination of the 21st annual Brownville History Contest originated when the school was in the village and carried on by Mr. Sawtell until the present.
     Principal Shirley Wright emceed the ceremony in which the three teachers involved announced and described the placements. These were Mrs. Page for Grade 3, Mrs. Wallace for Grade 4, and Mrs. Weston for Grade 5, who told of her grade's quilting project under the direction of Mrs. Myrna Ricker and others who so graciously volunteered their time.
     Third grade awards were: First place:Matthew Vachon,Brownville Community Church; Second place, Hayley Durant, Resolute Grange #188; Third place, Jason Durant, Alumni Building Video; and Honorable Mention, Krishanna Cook, Brownville Hot Shots. Fourth grade awards were: First place,Stephanie Vachon Brownville Community Church; Second Place,Taylor Lovejoy, American Legion; Third place, Joshua Stanhope,Brownville Map; Honorable Mention, Dylan Lougee, Ryan Heath, and Shayne McSwine, Brownville Historical Society.
     Katlynn Averill, Krishanna Cook and Matthew Vachon are being taught to play African drums by Dr. Leslie Fernow. On Friday, April 16th the students at Brownville Elementary School enjoyed Safari Day. Each classroom was the scene of a different African country. A lesson and an activity was planned for each

country and the students went from classroom to classroom learning about the different countries and about the African culture. In the afternoon the kids enjoyed the drummers who have learned their talent from Lauralyn Buie, of Dover Foxcroft, who brought five other drummer besides herself to perform. The students enjoyed this activity very much. The students also got to enjoy the movie Lion King One and a Half.

Lauralynn Buie instructs students from Brownville Elementary on the art of African drumming.

     By clipping the Box Tops for education coupons found on many of your favorite products, you can help area schools earn thousands of dollars.  The school earns ten cents for each coupon submitted!!
     A handy list of participating products is on the last page of this paper…save it and use it to choose your groceries.  Coupons can be deposited at the Milo Farmer’s Union in the P.A.W.S. donation box or dropped into any Three Rivers News display box. This is an amazing way to earn money for your schools!! For more information or ways your organization can help, call Wendy Bailey at 943-7458.

Milo Free Public Library News
By Judith Macdougall
     This has been another busy week at the library. On Monday our new chair arrived. Our red stuffed chair was worn out. It had broken places in the seat cushion where the stuffing was coming out and some of the buttons were off the back. In general, it was showing lots of wear, and it had a right to, as it had been a comfortable library chair for many years. Older patrons had rested in it, some patrons had enjoyed reading the newspaper in it and parents had read to little children in it. All in all it had served us well. Last year Lin and Nancy (Cotter) Pickle had donated a memorial gift in memory of her father, H. Eugene Cotter, and we decided to use their gift for a new chair. Pam and I ordered a new oak glider from J & S Furniture in February. The chair in stock had light cream upholstery, and we felt it would not be suitable for library use. John Drinkwater presented us with several upholstery choices, and we decided on Magellan, a dark print with maps and globes. We felt this was a good library fabric. Lots of folks have tried the new chair and have pronounced it dangerously comfortable.
     The Kiwanis Kids Korner met again on Wednesday. It was kind of a misty day but Frank Cochrane and Don Harris walked the children down from the elementary school anyway. Nobody melted. The group consisted of 28 children, 1 dedicated mother , 4 adults and members of the Key Club-Kayla Bailey and Dawn Patten, and Rainbow Girls-Ashley Drinkwater, Jamie Perkins and Randi Smith with a good friend, Grace Marchant. This week Val Robertson had two eggs in her incubator. One duck egg began to hatch before the program was over as the duckling started to peck a circular crack with his egg tooth . Val left the eggs in the library until closing and the duckling hatched before evening. It was fascinating to see him (her) enter the world.
     For healthy snacks the “Kids” enjoyed applesauce wraps,”ants” on a log (celery stuffed with peanut butter and a few raisin “ants” added) and grapes. Val read two stories---The Chicken That Wouldn’t Hatch by Claire David and Rosie’s Walk by Pat Hutchins. Both fowl stories. The craft this week was an egg carton flower garden made with Popsicle sticks, Easter grass and flowers. Val and Dottie Brown reported it was great to have the help of the high school girls. Everyone can enjoy the craft more when no one is rushed.

Here is a list of our latest back ordered books.

Barnes, Linda                               DEEP POCKETS
Berg, Elizabeth                             THE ART OF MENDING
Brown, Rita Mae                          WHISKER OF EVIL
Bunn, T. Davis                              THE QUILT
Churchill, Jill                                 IT HAD TO BE YOU (Grace & Favor)
Clark, Mary Higgins                   NIGHTTIME IS MY TIME
Gibbons, Kaye                              DIVINING WOMEN
Hughes, Karen NF                       TEN MINUTES TO NORMAL
Johansen, Iris                                FIRESTORM
Peters, Elizabeth                           GUARDIAN OF THE HORIZON
Phillips, Michael PBK                   THE COLOR OF YOUR SKIN AIN’T THE COLOR OF YOUR HEART
( Savannah Sisters # 3)
Scott, Willard NF                          IF I KNEW IT WAS GOING TO BE

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Siddons, Anne Rivers ISLANDS
Sparks, Nicholas                   THREE WEEKS WITH MY BROTHER
Spencer-Fleming, Julia           OUT OF THE DEEP I CRY
Trollope, Joanne                           BROTHER AND SISTER
Wiggs, Susan                                THE OCEAN BETWEEN US
Woods, Stuart                               RECKLESS ABANDON
Wouk, Herman                             A HOLE IN TEXAS

Library Winter Hours
Saturday 2:00-4:00
Telephone 943-2612

“Hocky” , just starting to hatch. 

Traditions of a Milo-ite
by Kathy Witham
     Every once in a while I ask you folks to indulge me and my bragging. I must brag about the students at my school....Brownville Elementary. We are finishing our annual Brownville History study tomorrow with Brownville History Day. Bill Sawtell has helped to teach and funded and run a contest for the students for many many years now. I'm not sure exactly how many....but I think it's well over twenty. Bill comes in and does lessons, invites guest speakers, organizes field trips and generally does whatever it takes to pass along to our students a wealth of information about their heritage.
     The curriculum has been fine tuned, and the third and fourth graders get the bulk of the information. After they finish with their lessons they do individual or small group projects. This is where the parents get involved. It's been a wonderful tradition, and a valuable learning experience for both the kids and their parents.
     By the time the students are fifth graders, they've already had the Brownville History lessons for two years. Their knowledge and past experience makes them ripe for a group project. They've done a number of different projects over the years including a movie or two. This year the third and fourth grade projects are particularly wonderful, and the fifth grade project is totally awesome! The project is the brain child of Myrna Ricker who is a former teacher in the Brownville School. She and some of her quilting friends came week after week on Thursday mornings to quilt with the fifth graders. Each child has made a small quilt. Mrs. Weston, the fifth grade teacher, solicited cloth from parents and Brownville citizens, sort of making these heritage quilts. Mrs. Anne Hathorn from Old American Threads donated the quilt battings and backings. This has been a wonderful experience for the kids. The fifth graders have learned valuable lessons about cooperating with each other by working together taking turns, and sharing equipment. They've learned the importance of trying out a new hobby. They've learned to interact with adults who are not necessarily school personnel. Probably the biggest lesson they've learned is the to sew. The quilts are ready and will be displayed with the other projects during Brownville History Day this week. I'm guessing in another spot in this paper you will see a picture of the kids with their quilts. They had to fold them in half in order to get them all in the one picture....but picture them opened up to full size.
     I had the opportunity last week to take Milo Elementary's third grade classes of Debbie Dunham and Andrea Mills to the Milo Historical Society and give them a tour. I enjoy this trip, and look forward to it every year. I am always impressed with the knowledge that these children have of Milo's history. Once again, folks, I remind you of this wonderful resource that we have in Milo. Our museum is a very valuable asset. I never walk in the building that I don't

find something new and interesting to study. Our museum is our heritage.... rich with wonderful stories and fascinating pictures and memorabilia. Mrs. Dunham and Mrs. Mills do a thorough job of teaching the third graders of Milo their history. This year they are doing a video presentation to culminate their studies. I will be so excited to see this project completed. It has been my dream that the children of Milo would have the same opportunity to learn Milo History that the lucky children of Brownville have had to learn their history. That dream is coming true....and I'm even playing a part in their experience.
     On May 22 the Milo Historical Society will be holding their second Antique Appraisal Fair. This was such a fun day last year. People came from far and wide to have their antiques appraised by the knowledgeable volunteers who came to help. Seeing all of the beautiful and unique dishes, dolls, jewelry and other things was the most fun of all. I brought three items and was astounded by what I found out about my pieces. If you've got some antique pieces that you have always wondered the value of....gather them up and bring them to our Fair. You'll get your questions answered....and help out the Historical Society, in the meantime. The proceeds will be used to maintain our facility and provide the proper supplies needed to preserve our acquisitions. The times of the fair will be 10:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. at the Milo Town Hall. There will be lunches for sale again this year.
     I've never known of anyone who visited our museum that came away disappointed. If we can find the volunteer staff to hold our summer hours....why don't you plan on this summer being the year that you come and have a tour. Better yet...get involved with the Historical Society. Become a member...come to our meetings, and study for yourself the fascinating history of this community.
     Here is a recipe that is an antique. It offers little in the way of instruction and I'm going to write it just the way it was written on a faded dog-earred recipe card that I am in possession of. It was in my grandmother's recipe box and written in her hand.

Brownies - Mrs. McKusick’s
1/4 cup butter creamed with
1 cup sugar
1/4 cup milk
2 eggs slightly beaten
2/3 cup flour
2 oz. chocolate melted over hot water
1 cup walnut meats
1 teaspoon vanilla
1/4 teaspoon baking powder
Moderate oven

     Evidently, Mammie and Mrs. McKusick knew what to do with the above information. I, on the other hand, need a tad more info. How about you? I'd probably cream the butter and sugar. I'd add the chocolate and then the 2 beaten eggs. I'd sift the flour and baking powder and add alternately with the milk. Add the vanilla, and stir in the walnuts last. I'd bake them in a greased 8X8-inch pan and bake for 25 minutes at 350°. Sound about right to you?

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A Historical Review
Rivers and Dams in Maine - Part 12
Dams and Power Rediscovering Maine's Abandoned Dams
Maine Times -- Ron Poitras - Sept. 16, 1977
(Submitted by C.K.Ellison, 2004)
     The three-story Nicolaisen mill is filled with belts, pulleys, levers, shafts and gears to produce mechanical power. A modern engine, using three square feet, and about 2 1/2 gallons of gas per hour, would produce the same energy. Yet with continued uncertainties in the gas supplies, the power from Nicolaisen's turn of the century mill is worth more than today's economics might indicate.
     "Workshops I've been giving recently in appropriate technology have gotten me to thinking a good deal more about this," says Nicolaison. "Future events can take an uncertain course. A lot of people instinctively feel that we might be at the brink of a catastrophe; we've had that feeling many times before, yet somehow it seems different this time."
     "In a water mill, if you've got wood bearings, cogs and shafting, you've always going to be able to handle it," continues Nicolaisen. "Oh, it's probably going to break down often but you're always going to be able to fix it. Today it may not be economic to try and run a mill like that, always puttering with the equipment, but it's the way I want to do it."
     Maine State Planning Board Report of 1936 -- "A general review of these studies and investigations reveals that the water power resources in Maine are superior and more highly developed than in the majority of other states in the union. The fairly high and well distributed precipitation over the largest forest and natural lake ares at high elevations above sea level are ideal conditions for supplying a generous flow of water in the larger rivers and streams."
     Larry Gleeson has requested $400,000 from the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA), which until recently has not had a program for small-scale development of hydro projects. Gary Dawbins of the Maine Engergy office says Congressman David Emery has been aggressively pushing for Congressional support fo small hydro development and has been one of Gleeson's strongest backers. The State's office of Energy Resources has also given him a $2500 grant.(continued next week)

The Milo District Schools
By Lloyd J. Treworgy
Continued  - Part  V

Editor’s note: This is the fourth installment in a series that will reprint the book History of the Milo Schools, written by Lloyd Treworgy.  The following text was copied directly from his book by Gwen Bradeen.  If you would like to learn more about this subject, contact the Milo Historical Society.

     The great mass of humanity is, and always has been, the matrix out of which the relatively few great thinkers and doers emerge as the race’s good fortune, and those pitiable, mindless ones that come forth in every generation are a genetic casualty – to be grieved at, but to be blamed on no one – only Nature’s rule of exceptions.
     The great percentage of human beings, with whom we must align ourselves, do not change materially in intelligence with the times.  They change only in conduct and motivation, in accordance with their conditioning, the changing pattern of their education, the strict or permissive home, parental love and interest in them as children, and the confusing beckonings scientific ferment and upheaval display to them from generation to generation.
     Individual lives, of course, can be gauged by no rule of thumb.  They often run counter to their conditioning as drive, persistence, dedication, and a great dream propel some otherwise mediocre mind into greatness.
     So, in those long-past times, neither teacher nor pupil was critical of the meager facilities afforded by the schools.  So far as they knew, schoolhouses and conditions had always been like that; probably always would be.
     There were hooks to hang up coats and caps, or hats (few hats), in the entry, and space to leave rubbers (if any), lunch boxes and pails, by the wall.  Inside was a rather large. Rectangular stove, cavernous and unadorned, standing on legs.  It was spoken of as “ramdown” – the name possibly coming from the way the wood was put into it.  The stovepipe rose straight up from the stove to within a foot or two of the high ceiling, then ran back, the length of the room, to join with the chimney.
     From time to time, in cold weather, teacher, or some strong-armed scholar, lifted the cover by its wire handle, and thrust a couple of two-foot chunks of wood into the stove’s juggernaut maw.
     Beside teacher’s desk, on a stool or on a shelf, stood the water-pail, with a long-handled, common dipper swaying gently inside – its swaying sensitized by the constant scuffing of pupil feet on the way to

sharpen a pencil, get a drink, or “leave the room” – a euphemism for going to the outdoor toilet.
     Thirsty lips of generations of pupils had kissed the edge of the dipper, round and round, in a fruitless effort to avoid residue from the mouth of previous quaffers.  And those who guessed wrong on their own thirst, and dipped up too much water, were wont to empty back the unconsumed remainder to mix with the original fluid, in a somewhat modified assuager of the next pupil’s thirst.
     The floor was usually of unpainted spruce planks – the knots, harder than the clear wood, projecting smoothly, after years of scuffing feet had thinned the wood around them.
     Desks carried a small, round ink-well, near the edge of the back of the desk, farthest from the pupil sitting at it.  From this ink-well, penny steel pens, thrust into the cork end of wooden penstocks, dipped a word or two of ink at a time, to be written, with painful, blotted effort, into the writing book.  A groove next to the ink-well ran across the desk top, to hold pencils and penstocks from rolling.
     The once smooth surface of the desks bore, indelibly carved, the doodlings of generations of daydreaming scholars – doodlings idly inked over for permanence.


Marshall: Donald Hackett

First row: Priscilla Stevens Chase, Arlene Dunphy Degerstrom, Ada Hall McKee, Betty Gray Lancaster, Gertrude McKusick, Marilyn Buck, Roberta Moran Conley, Ramona Smart Hamlin, Gloria Morin Locke, Beatrice Lyford Knowles.

Second row: Lois Griffin Kinney, Rachel Buzzell Smith, Estella Byther Dyer, Charlene Rowe Landus, Olive Waterhouse Hurley, Jean Pelkey Gleason, Ula Robinson Hall, Alice Hatt Page, Avis Mitchell Stanchfield, Denise Stevens Robertson.

Third row: Loren Strout, Lewis Valente, John Clement, Orman Smith, George Harmon, Robert Page, Richard Smier.

Fourth row: Lawrence Ricker, John Hackett, Robert Fletcher.

     If you guessed 1944 you were right!  This is the class that graduated from Milo High School in that year.

      Many thanks to Gertrude McKusick for sending the photo and names and to Avis Stanchfield for final verification.

     MFWC (Maine Federation of Women’s Clubs) District #1, is hosting its third annual High School Art Contest on Sunday,  April 25, 2004, at the “Cup and Easel” on Main Street in Dover-Foxcroft from 2 to 4 PM.
     Art students from Foxcroft Academy, Katahdin High School, Penquis Valley High School, and Piscataquis Community High School will have their artwork juried and the presentation of awards will follow.  The four winners will have their art taken to the MFWC Conference in May, to be displayed and judged with others from Maine high schools.  Please come and support our youth in their endeavors.  The public is cordially invited to attend.
     The artwork will be on display at the “Cup and Easel” during the week of April 20th to the Sunday afternoon of the award presentation.

     A son, Trevor Wayne Hall, to Jessica Hall of Milo on April 13, 2004.  Wt. 5 pounds 14 ounces.

From Grammie McCleary’s weather diary.

April 1984
20-M sunny-58° at 12.
21-Snow flurries windy cold-40° at 12.
22-Sunny-30° at 6 pm.
23- Sunny windy-68° at 11:30 am.
24-Cloudy am rain pm and evening-50° at 12.
25-Rain early am cloudy wind pm-38° at 12.
26-Fair windy-52° at 12.

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By Valerie Robertson
     I have vowed to myself to only write a column when I have interesting things to tell.  But it seems that every week interesting and unusual things go on around me.  The event I’m writing about this week is an example of the miracles of nature and the fact that life is a wonder,  and happens despite humans trying to mess things up.  By humans, I mean ME!
     I have written before about my plans to have eggs hatch so the kids at the library could witness the birth of the ducklings/chicks.  I carefully figured when the incubation period would be up, put the eggs in the warmer at the appropriate time, told the kids of my plans, and waited.  Last Wednesday was the planned date of my hatch, and lo and behold, Wednesday morning one of the duck eggs had a peck mark.  I hoped the little baby would wait until 3:15 to make his appearance and that some of the other eggs would start to open. 
     Incubating eggs is a funny thing.  Hens and all of the other birds who set on their eggs can’t possibly keep the eggs at a constant 101°, yet every instruction and tip I’ve heard stresses the need to keep the eggs at that temperature and to make sure not to vary it by more than a degree or two.  Our house is solar heated and the temperature varies dramatically: during the day, when the sun is out,  it is very often 85° or better, and at night can drop to 60° in the bedrooms. 
     Last year when I hatched eggs in my cheap, Styrofoam incubator, I kept it in our bedroom and monitored it constantly, making sure to keep the temperature constant. This year I kept the incubator in the room I use to store feed and house the baby chicks, and checked it 3 or 4 times a day.  If the temperature went down, I waited for it to regulate itself.  My reasoning was that mothers left their nests for short periods, so the temperature drop was normal.  Most times when I check the temperature it was just about right and I was confident eggs would hatch.
     So anyway last Wednesday as I worked I planned how I would transport the hatching egg or eggs to the library.  My heart told me not to disturb the process, but I couldn’t disappoint the kids.  An hour before the kids were to arrive at the library, I heated up a rice bag, and 2 Mason jars full of water, put them in the bottom of a large insulated water jug and placed a folded up towel on top.  I placed a thermometer on the towel, closed the container and in no time the temperature in the container was 98°.  Close enough I decided.
     I packed up two of my 3-week old chicks for back-up, grabbed a cage to display them in, a large plastic tote to put the eggs in when I got to the library, and a large aluminum lamp with a 250-watt bulb to keep the eggs warm as they finished hatching.  I decided on taking only 3 eggs-the one that was pecked and two others that felt heavy.  I placed all of my rigging in the car, put the eggs in a Styrofoam egg carton, and placed them in their warm carrier.  I made it to the library without bouncing or jolting the eggs.  I knew they had to be kept almost motionless or I would whack a teeny duckling’s or chick’s head against the inside of their egg, either killing or damaging it.  I lugged the cage, the tote, the lamp, then the chicks, into the library. I had the container with the eggs on the passenger’s side floor of my car with the heater on high, keeping everything toasty.
     I got everything ready inside, went to the car, fetched the container holding the eggs and took it inside.  I had set the lamp up and was letting it warm the plastic bin before I took the eggs from their warm holding area. By this time, Dottie and Don had arrived and were busy readying the room for the arrival of 35 children.  Snacks were being put on plates and drinks were poured.  Don headed up to the school to help Frank “march” the children down.  As I opened the egg holder, Dottie came over to see what was happening. I told her one of the eggs was starting

to hatch and I took the eggs out and started towards the table holding the plastic tote. Then the unimaginable happened-PLOP-PLOP-PLOP !  All three eggs dropped from the container onto the cement floor of the library.  My stomach flopped and I stared at Dottie who was staring at the eggs on the floor.

     “Did they all break?” I whispered.

     “Yes” she whispered back.

     I knew I had to look and get things cleaned up before the kids got there, but I was fighting back throwing up, and Dottie wasn’t looking too healthy either.  I looked down and surveyed the disaster.  One egg had completely opened and spilled a mass of black and red on the floor. I picked up the egg and it’s spilled contents and disposed of the under-developed chick.  Everything seemed to be going in slow motion and yet Dottie and I knew that the kids were due to enter at any moment….I would not let their fun be ruined.  I went back to the scene of the accident and saw that the big duck egg that had started hatching now had a crack around it’s whole circumference.  I picked it up and felt the duckling inside move.  I was pretty sure the baby was doomed, but at that moment we heard the door open and children chatting.  I placed the cracked egg and the other less damaged egg under the heat lamp and started lying like crazy. 
     Everyone looked at the egg and we pretended the hatch was going great.  Every so often I glanced at the hatching egg and did see movement, but I figured it was just a matter of time before the damage from the fall took it’s toll and the baby died.  I read my stories, one of which being “The Chicken That Wouldn’t Hatch”, which ends with an egg that was late hatching smashing into a wall and the chick pops out, healthy and happy.  Not exactly the book to take my mind off what had happened!  The kids worked on their crafts, went upstairs to check out books, and frequently watched the progress of the hatch.  Everytime a child exclaimed “It moved!”, I uttered another silent prayer.  Dottie and I exchanged a lot of looks and under-our-breath comments.  We were both still pale and sick and I was feeling like a murderer, she like an accomplice.
     As the hour drew to a close, a couple of the kids wouldn’t budge from their post by the egg.  They were determined to see the baby come out and I was determined for them to not see a deformed or almost dead chick plop out. After 30 minutes or so, the final stragglers gave up and I told them I was going to leave the egg there until the library closed at 8PM.  They left, promising to check back in, and I gathered up the chicks and anything else I needed to take home.  I went home, emptied my car, bedded my critters down for the night and then returned to the library, expecting to find a motionless egg.  Instead I was greeted by chirping.  Judy had come downstairs and realizing the big chicks were gone was as surprised as I was that the duckling was still alive and peeping.  I filled a spray bottle with warm water and misted the egg periodically to keep the egg from sticking to the duckling. 
     Throughout the evening I kept a vigil and had a lot of company from patrons who came downstairs to check out the progress.  As 8PM approached, I realized I had to move the egg to my house.  I decided to remove the now dangling top part of the egg, as I was worried that the sharp edges would injure the delicate duckling.  I carefully nudged the piece away, while spraying the egg with a mist of warm water.  I was met with the sight of a teeny duck’s bill poking from a hole in a clear membrane, which enclosed a yellow blob.  The blob was yellow and veiny and would have been indistinguishable except for that cute little bill poking out.

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     I decided to wrap the egg in layers of warm wet paper towels around the egg, then hold the whole package in my shirt, race to my warming car and get home as quick as possible.  As I rose to head for the library bathroom, I caught my leg on the cord to the heating lamp and it crashed to the floor!!  I  had to get that wet duck to heat STAT, so I gathered him up in a towel and raced to my car. I didn’t stop to tell Judy what had happened, as I didn’t feel I had any seconds to spare. I drove home cluthing the egg to my chest, with the remaining unhatched egg in my pocket.  I jumped from the car, ran to the house and placed the duckling carefully in the warm incubator with his potential brothers and sisters.  I laid the other egg in, then hurried back to the library to get the rest of my stuff and clean uo the shattered bulb.  When I got there, Judy had cleaned things up and surmised what had happened.  We decided this was one story that needed to not be told, as we were both sure the outcome would be sad.
     I went back home, and set up the lamp with a new high-intensity bulb, and placed it over a plastic tote.  When the temperature reached 101°, I removed the still moving duckling from the incubator and carefully placed it on a towel under the light.  The heat seemed to perk it up and with my help, the duckling wiggled out from the rest of the shell, and lie there exhausted and weak, breathing hard and fast.
     I left the baby under the light, knowing it would probably die, but knowing it was warm and that I couldn’t do anything to help.  When I went back an hour or so later, I was amazed to find the duckling dry, alive and at the other end of the box.
     I mixed up some water, electrolytes and sugar, put it in a dispenser and placed a pile of food in the box.  I went to bed that night not daring to hope that he would make it, but feeling a little better about the odds.
     In the morning “Lucky” was still alive, although he didn’t stand. He could maneuver by “swimming” on the towel and it seemed as if he had eaten and drank.  As the day progressed, he got stronger and stronger and by Thursday night he was up and walking and eating and drinking!
     I had offered to lend my incubator to someone and they were going to pick it up Friday morning at 10, so I removed the 6 remaining unhatched eggs and placed them in an egg carton under the lamp I was using to warm the duckling.  I noticed a tiny hole in one of the duck eggs, but figured it had been damaged during one of the times I was moving the eggs.  Little “Lucky” immediately made his way on top of the eggs, lay down and went to sleep.  I gathered up the incubator, cleaned and disinfected it and packed it up.
     I returned home at 1 PM to an amazing sight.  Little Lucky had a friend!  I was so excited !  The two of them spent the day bonding and the company seemed to help Lucky progress dramatically.  Before the day was over, I had made up my mind Lucky was going to make it and had re-named him “Hockey” and his sibling “Puck”..  As you can see from the picture, Hockey is

yellow and his sibling is brown.  They make the cutest pair you have ever seen.  The other eggs haven’t hatched, so I guess they weren’t meant to be.  But sweet little Hockey , the world’s toughest duck, wasn’t only meant to be, he is determined to be.

Hockey and Puck on Saturday, April 17, 2004.

NOW committees will meet at
Park Street United Methodist Church on
Monday, April 19th, at 7:00 PM.

The United Methodist Women will meet on
Wednesday, April 21st, at 7:00 PM at
Park Street UMC.

All ladies are welcome.

Ice Out Contest update.
As you can see from this picture, taken on 4/17, the ice hasn’t gone out from Schoodic Lake yet. 


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     The Three Rivers Kiwanis Club meets at The Restaurant each Wednesday morning at 6:30 to eat breakfast, enjoy fellowship, hear speakers on various interesting topics, and to share ideas. All are welcome to visit with us. If you would like to join our organization, please contact Nancy Grant or any other Kiwanian for an application. We are involved in many worthwhile local projects and would be very pleased to have you participate in them.

     President Joe Zamboni welcomed eighteen members plus Kayla Bailey and Dawn Patton from the Key Club.
     Roy Bither led the Pledge of Allegiance and Herb Dunham requested prayers for our military personnel, special thoughts for those in need, and guidance for our world leaders.
     Chris Almy read an inspirational message about making a difference.  A man met one of the locals while walking on the beach.  The local man was picking up starfish and throwing them back into the ocean.  The stranger asked him why as there were too many and the few he tossed into the water wouldn’t make any difference.  He threw another back and said, “Made a difference to that one”.
     The Orono/Old Town newsletter was shared.
     Happy anniversary to Neil and Barb Hamlin on the 14th and Carroll and Kathy Witham on the 18th, and birthday wishes to Stephanie Salley on the 17th!
     Nine happy dollars were donated today for a very welcome weekend forecast, thanks for a donation to Key Club, 34th wedding anniversary, Red Sox in 1st place, Ed out and around (Yeah!), and Jeremy Finson’s 23rd birthday!
     The Key Club members still have Dreams for Maine Kids raffle tickets available.  They will be helping at the Antique Appraisal/Book Fair in May and plan on being at the Spring Fling on May 22.
     The Three Rivers News is holding steady.
     The first Kiwanis Kid’s Korner event on April 7 was a big hit.  Eight adults helped 35 kids have an hour of fun at the Milo Free Public Library.
     Todd Lyford introduced our guest speaker, Chris Schleif, Nurse Practitioner at Milo Family Practice.  He told us about his trips to Ecuador to help the people in a small village in need of health care.

     Chris said he made his first trip last year.  He flew in a four-seat plane and had to land on a grass airstrip.  The first duty was to set up a clinic.  The Indian people he visited in Shell, descendents of headhunters, live in the rain forest where there are no roads, very little electricity, and very little or no health care.  There were solar panels but only to operate radios.  The people spoke Spanish or the local language of Schwa.  Many of the towns consisted of a few men, each having 4 or 5 wives.  It’s common for each wife to bear 10 children.  Thirty years ago a Mission was set up and the children are able to attend school.   The local cities provide high school educations for older children.  Many of the young people who travel away to college do not return.  The life expectancy is approximately into the 50’s.  These people are descendents of headhunters.  
     The villagers receive annual visits from doctors in the cities, who are not paid to go into the jungle, and rely on their own medicine men in the interim.  To see a doctor people travel 6 or 7 hours on foot or by dugout canoe.  Chris told us that the people are fairly healthy but do have widespread arthritis.  The children suffer with parasites because of drinking the water from the 4 or 5 rivers in that particular area.  Most of the people are inter-related which has led to inherited health problems such as vision deficiencies.  Their diet consists of lots of chicken and insects, especially grubs, which Chris didn’t develop a taste for.  The adults do not drink water but a concoction of tubers chewed and spit into a pot that is left to ferment for a few hours before being consumed.  Also not a favorite with Chris!
     The clinics are huts with dirt floors and a blanket for cover.  The doctors have to take their own medicines that are donated by pharmaceutical companies.  Antibiotics are essential because an infection can be fatal.  Chris and his wife, also a nurse practitioner, made up part of the three-person medical team that saw 355 patients in 5 days.  He told us that they leave as much medicine as they can with a person who has had some training.  Surprisingly many of our medicines come from the rain forest where these isolated people live.
     Chris demonstrated a belt made of shells worn by the women when they danced and a pretty, wide necklace made from fish line and round red beads.  He also had a wooden spear reminiscent of ones seen in the old Tarzan movies!
     Thank you Chris, for an interesting insight of these far away people.

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